Books

De la bacterii la om. Evoluţia lumii vii

De la bacterii la om Evolu ia lumii vii Dac Darwin ar mai fi n via cum ar ar ta o versiune actualizat a Originii speciilor dup remarcabilele progrese n genetic din ultimele decenii R spunsul la aceast ntrebare e dat implicit de cartea

  • Title: De la bacterii la om. Evoluţia lumii vii
  • Author: Ernst W. Mayr
  • ISBN: 9789735022037
  • Page: 130
  • Format: Paperback
  • Dac Darwin ar mai fi n via , cum ar ar ta o versiune actualizat a Originii speciilor, dup remarcabilele progrese n genetic din ultimele decenii R spunsul la aceast ntrebare e dat, implicit, de cartea lui Ernst Mayr, considerat un Darwin al secolului XX , figur central a sintezei realizate ntre evolu ionism i genetic n De la bacterii la om , Mayr explic Dac Darwin ar mai fi n via , cum ar ar ta o versiune actualizat a Originii speciilor, dup remarcabilele progrese n genetic din ultimele decenii R spunsul la aceast ntrebare e dat, implicit, de cartea lui Ernst Mayr, considerat un Darwin al secolului XX , figur central a sintezei realizate ntre evolu ionism i genetic n De la bacterii la om , Mayr explic , ntr un limbaj accesibil i limpede, mecanismele evolu iei lumii vii i problemele de fond cu care e confruntat biologia , iar n sec iunea final ofer o perspectiv impresionant asupra apari iei omului i con tiin ei umane.

    • De la bacterii la om. Evoluţia lumii vii ¦ Ernst W. Mayr
      130 Ernst W. Mayr
    • thumbnail Title: De la bacterii la om. Evoluţia lumii vii ¦ Ernst W. Mayr
      Posted by:Ernst W. Mayr
      Published :2019-05-20T08:13:17+00:00

    About "Ernst W. Mayr"

    1. Ernst W. Mayr

      Ernst Walter Mayr July 5, 1904 February 3, 2005 was one of the 20th century s leading evolutionary biologists He was also a renowned taxonomist, tropical explorer, ornithologist, and historian of science His work contributed to the conceptual revolution that led to the modern evolutionary synthesis of Mendelian genetics, systematics, and Darwinian evolution, and to the development of the biological species concept.Although Charles Darwin and others posited that multiple species could evolve from a single common ancestor, the mechanism by which this occurred was not understood, creating the species problem Ernst Mayr approached the problem with a new definition for the concept of species In his book Systematics and the Origin of Species 1942 he wrote that a species is not just a group of morphologically similar individuals, but a group that can breed only among themselves, excluding all others When populations within a species become isolated by geography, feeding strategy, mate selection, or other means, they may start to differ from other populations through genetic drift and natural selection, and over time may evolve into new species The most significant and rapid genetic reorganization occurs in extremely small populations that have been isolated as on islands.His theory of peripatric speciation a precise form of allopatric speciation which he advanced , based on his work on birds, is still considered a leading mode of speciation, and was the theoretical underpinning for the theory of punctuated equilibrium, proposed by Niles Eldredge and Stephen Jay Gould Mayr is sometimes credited with inventing modern philosophy of biology, particularly the part related to evolutionary biology, which he distinguished from physics due to its introduction of natural history into science.

    891 Comments

    1. "WHAT EVOLUTION IS", a classic book on this topic, opens with an interesting foreword by Jared Diamond (author of Guns, Germs and Steel and The third Chimpanzee among other books), approaching the importance of how and why evolution needs to be understood not only by the scientific community but also by the general public. I have to say that now I understand the great influence Ernst Mayr I have read on Diamond's publications, specially the role that geography plays on speciation.In my opinion, [...]


    2. I am guessing most of the science text-books borrowed from this masterpiece to convey these ideas effectively. But that also means that when someone goes back and reads the original it sounds too text-book-ey, in presentation and content. Not many ideas here which you wouldn't have been exposed to, but still a valuable book to turn to if you are coming to the field for the first time, or after a long break. I am giving it 3 stars only because I didn't get much out of it and had to skim through i [...]


    3. I never thought that reading biology book will be freakingly fun. Walaupun ga ngerti-ngerti amat yah pemirsa karena istilahnya banyak banget ya Allah tolong.Pokoknya makasih yah om Ernst Mayr yang udah nulis buku sebagus ini. Gimana ga bagus, om Mayr nyeritain tentang evolusi sehalus itu dan kebantu banget sama terjemahannya KPG yang bagus bangetG TERBAEQ 👏Oh iyah, jadi sebenernya buku ini menurut om Jared Diamond (di bagian Pengantar) emang ditulis untuk orang-orang dari kalangan umum -yang [...]


    4. The evolution description in this book is comprehensive, with various perspectives from philosophical point of view to biological or religious, but sometimes I had the impression of fast-forward or lack of depth. For example, the figures from the edition that I read are terrible, black and white and very low resolution. If you really want to extract all the knowledge from this book you'll need auxiliary sources, at least for the figures.Also, you need to view the facts in the appropriate tempora [...]


    5. I've been reading Stephen Jay Gould's final book, "The Structure of Evolutionary Theory". For all the book's impressive bulk, the central argument is straightforward.The modern interpretation of Darwin's theory (steady, continuous, and incremental evolution filtered by the agent of natural selection) has vanquished the theories that came before it (saltation, orthogenesis, Lamarkism, etc) but some key questions linger. For example, fossils often show species staying unchanged, in evolutionary st [...]


    6. biyolojiyle ve evrimle ilgili ön bilgi olmadan okunduğunda anlaşılması zor diye düşünüyorum o yüzden not for beginners, insan evrimi kısmı dışında


    7. This is a wonderfully easy-to-read book that explains evolution in good accessible English and contrasts the theory of evolution with other theories and philosophies such as creationism. My daughter had borrowed it as background reading for her Biology undergraduate course but I felt that it was geared to intelligent laymen too. Due to hectic time pressures, I only had a few hours. However, I managed to skim through the book in only a couple of hours, as it was laid out in such a manner one coul [...]


    8. While the general idea of evolution is well understood, the theory has advanced since Darwin's time. Mayr provides an excellent update in this book. Even then, it is surprising how knowledge has increased since the book's publication in 2001. Mayr discusses the issues around the theory that the birds arose from the dinosaurs - it turned out that the birds did not evolve from the apparently similar therapods but from the maniraptors about 150 mya.Chapter 2 - What is the Evidence for EvolutionMayr [...]


    9. I greatly enjoyed this book, and learned many new things, about biology in general and the process of evolution in particular. It was a bit more technical than I was expecting in terms of scientific vocabulary, but in the Kindle version I was able to simply highlight words I didn't know, and definitions would pop up. It's great to be able to learn new words so quickly and easily!


    10. What is interesting about this science book is that while it provides a good explanation of evolution as a scientific theory, there is also a good defending against Creationism and intelligent design.See: What Evolution Is by Mayr


    11. Kitabın bir kısmında geçen teknik terimler yüzünden zorlansam da ufkum açıldı. Özellikle seçilimi ve insanın evrimini çok iyi anlatıyor. Bence lise düzeyi biyoloji bilgisi olan herkesin okuması gerekli, özellikle de "evrim çürütülmüş bir teoridir" diyen dangalak siyasetçiler. Kitaptan bir alıntı: "Evrim göz önünde tutulmadıkça biyolojide hiçbir şey bir anlam ifade etmez."


    12. Before I begin to gush about how much I enjoyed this book (and I did!), I should start with one caveat: This is not a book for casual reading. So if you're someone who's somewhat curious about evolution, I'd suggest starting with something a little lighter (Your Body: The Fish that Evolved, for instance). If, on the other hand, you're hooked on evolution and want to go into more depth, this is the book for you.Enrst Mayr has done a fabulous job of synthesizing decades of research and debate into [...]


    13. Ernst Mayr is one of the key figures in the development of the synthetic theory of evolution, by which Mendelian genetics was wed to Darwinian natural selection. The end result is a powerful paradigm that does well in explaining change in living forms. Especially extraordinary in the case of this book is that he was nearing 100 years of age when he wrote it. And it is a literate, accessible description of evolution that non-biologists can easily understand. My interest in Mayr goes back to gradu [...]


    14. The other day I got dragooned into seeing that bland new Star Wars movie. Whatever. I was most entertained though by the ridiculously stupid trailer for the new "Planet of the Apes" movie which ends with Woody Harrelson (you can tease out the irony yourself) actually saying the words "Planet of the Apes".I found the irony chilling, as I settled back into my plush theatre chair, opposable thumbs mandating popcorn kernel after popcorn kernel into my short, flat moral-bearing jaw, that Mayr's book [...]


    15. Mayr presents here a thorough overview of the current state of evolutionary science. By comparing them to the basic principles (which he states very clearly) of evolution and the processes through which it occurs, he refutes misconceptions, and thus develops for the reader a clear understanding of what evolution is NOT. The book begins, then, with an overview of the history of evolutionary science, examining carefully how each of the historical debates regarding evolution were resolved in favor [...]


    16. As one of the leading evolutionary biologists of the 20th century, Ernst Mayr's work was integral in the modern evolutionary synthesis between natural selection and genetics. Before he passed away in 2005, he created what is essentially a guidebook to life - where it may have begun, how it changes over time, and the processes by which that change is effected. It is intended for the educated layperson and admirably walks the line between simplified and technical. No one would mistake Mayr for a n [...]


    17. Ernst Mayr is a reknown evolutionary biologist who has been writing since(at least) the late fifties. That being said, for anyone interested in this book, it must be remembered that he is not a novelist. Mayr's writing style is that of a scientist, which while thorough and although he claims this book is for the 'non-specialist', and as such the book is difficult to read unless you have at least some background in biology.What makes this particular book special is two-fold: 1st, it is written by [...]


    18. Perfect. Here at last is a great book explaining the essential facts about evolutionary biology to everyone -novices and afficionados alike. There's a lot of introductory books on the topic, but this one stands out for at least two reasons.First, Ernst Mayr is not taking side when dealing with arguable issues. Well, he certainly has his convictions (pro-gradualism, anti-selfish gene hypothesis) but, he is very honest and fairplay with views opoosite to his own. We can't say the same about every [...]


    19. “What Evolution Is,” by renowned evolutionary biologist Ernst Mayr, is a non-mathematical overview of modern evolutionary thought. The book starts with a brief rebuttal of creationist arguments, then turns to mechanisms of evolution and speciation, and finally to human evolution. I found it to be a written at a somewhat odd level – I think that it is ideally suited for well-educated, highly motivated readers who are seriously delving into evolution for the first time, or for readers who ha [...]


    20. The author claims to be writing a book about "what evolution is" for the common man. However, he fails on both accounts. First, the book is not really about evolution. It's an unfocused summary of many of the conclusions of modern biology (with a focus on paleontology). However, much of his text has little to do with evolution itself, and the author completely ignores applications of evolution to non-biological topics. In fact, at no point does the author even define "evolution." The closest he [...]


    21. While intended for the non-biologist, this book still makes some pretty strong demands of the reader. It's worth sticking with though as it gives the best description of the mechanisms and processes of evolution that I've read.In particular I've always wondered about the process of speciation and while this book doesn't provide all the answers (largely because we haven't discovered them all yet) it does a good job of defining the various ways speciation occurs. And it does it in fairly clear, ea [...]


    22. Written by a highly notable figure, the book is an authoritative tome of information of what evolution is, and more importantly, what it isn't. But I must say that it would have been a good read at the time it appeared. Matter is much better organized in today's popular science books and the flow is good enough to keep most people going.If you want an intro to Evolution, there are many more books available today than was at the time this came out. If you want a text with historical significance, [...]


    23. This is a great book, even if you are religious or not, this book will certainly answer any queries you have on evolution.why i chose to read this- my father recommended this book to me because of my fascination with natural history and biology.who would i recomend this to- anyone who is wondering how evolution works.i loved this book it is probably the best book i have read since the origin of species.


    24. Well, it was certainly an introduction to evolution, but unless you have a solid science (biology) background, or love using a dictionary/, I wouldn't bother starting it just yet. It really does seem to be written for some one that is more than passively familiar with biological terms and processes. If you want an introduction for the layperson, try something else. If you are currently taking or remember your biology courses, give it a go.


    25. Evolution is fact not theory and Mayr supports this statement with facts. I'm not a scientist and I found some of the scientific language overwhelming but I made myself get through it and was surprised at how much I do understand. He filled in a lot of gaps for me especially about the evolution of species. I'm glad I read it.


    26. It's not that it's not informative, but it's rather too technical to be an introductory book, which, with a title like that is what you expect it to be. You actually do have to already have a background in biology (or biological anthropology) to really understand what he's talking about, which makes it exactly the wrong book to give to a layperson.


    27. Exactly what you would expect to be written by a leading expert in his field at the age of 97: hugely informative, largely adamant, and slightly rambling.


    28. tema evolusi adalah tema yang menjadi akar dalam biologi. buku ini berhasil membuat sedikit rangkuman tentang evolusi sebagai point of view namun buku yang tidak dimaksudkan untuk menjawab banyak keraguan tentang evolusi.


    29. Ernst Mayr es posiblemente el biólogo evolutivo más importante desde Darwin. Este es un libro tan básico para comprender la evolución como "El origen de las especies", y un buen punto de partida para no tener que empezar en 1859 y, sobre todo, no quedarse allí.


    30. You can see that he was an old man when he wrote this book, because he keeps repeating some pieces of information, but it's absolutely splendid! If you're interested in evolution, this is your book. Even is you already know everything about evolution, you're still going to enjoy this book.


    Leave a Comment